Last Updated: June 1, References Approved. This article was medically reviewed by Lacy Windham, MD. There are 42 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed , times. Experts say breast tenderness mastalgia is very common, especially around your period.
Breast pain mastalgia can be described as tenderness, throbbing, sharp, stabbing, burning pain or tightness in the breast tissue. The pain may be constant or it may occur only occasionally, and it can occur in men, women and transgender people. In men, breast pain is most commonly caused by a condition called "gynecomastia" guy-nuh-koh-MAS-tee-uh. This refers to an increase in the amount of breast gland tissue that's caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, sometimes unevenly.
While breast swelling and tenderness are more often linked with pregnancy, breastfeeding, and premenstrual syndrome PMS , they are also common symptoms of menopause. As such, the majority of women will experience breast pain and swelling at some point, making it of the utmost importance that they understand their exact implications. Continue reading to find out more about breast swelling and tenderness , including their causes, management, and treatment options for ultimate, long-lasting relief.
But chances are slim that breast pain is breast cancer. There are two types of breast pain: Cyclical pain is associated with your period and most often affects both breasts. It can affect one or both breasts, all of the breast, or just part of it. Most breast pain goes away on its own or can be easily treated. Two-thirds of breast pain is caused by the predictable surges of estrogen and progesterone around your monthly period.